History: Computers Components and Technology

A computer is compared to a calculator; used to increase the speed and accuracy of numerical computations–the abacus and more modern mechanical calculators (dating back more than 5,000 years ago–using rows of sliding beads or mechanical rods an gears to perform arithmetic operations. However, even during the nineteenth century calculators were very commonly used for calculation, but they were not considered computers.

A computer is defined as a mechanical or electronic device that can efficiently store, retrieve, and manipulate large amounts of information at high speeds and with extreme accuracy. Additionally, computers are built to perform and execute tasks, while accommodating intermediate results without human intervention. This is achieved by the computer utilizing a list of instructions called a program.

History: Computers and Technology

An Englishman, named Charles Babbage, designed and assisted to build an absolute computer during the mid-1800s. This machine–the Analytical Engine–was composed mechanical axles and gears by the hundreds. Ultimately, this design was obtuse in sorting and processing 40-digit numbers. Also, because of Babbage’s engineering venture, an Ada Agusta Byron–the daughter of a Lord Byron of those times–took the reins and exploited this invention. In relation, a primary program was labeled Ada. Moreover, unfortunately for Babbage’s work, the project was complete as it was considered detrimentally complex for the technology of those days. Thereafter, computers were put on hold for a while.

Seventy years after Charles Babbage’s death, computers became of importance to certain professors and scholars of the early twentieth century. In fact, two masters from Iowa State University–John Atansoff and Clifford Berry–along with Harvard University’s Howard Aiken took interest in completing computer projects. However, their ideal success wasn’t very true. Labeled as having intermediate results, the Atansoff-Berry project did actually operate–requiring multiple interventions by the operator while in use. And Aikens’s Mark I simply did not perform independently.

VACUUM TUBES AND TRANSISTORS

Vacuum Tubes–ENIAC: Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer

Furthermore, a few years later, led by the infamous J. Presper Eckert and John Mauchly–of the University of Pennsylvania–achieved the developments of fully functional electronic computer (the ENIAC). The ENIAC became a large attribute regardless of its huge appearance; 80 feet long; 8 feet wide; weighing 33 tons; comprised of 17,000 vacuum tubes that were included in its circuitry–consumed 175,000 watts of electricity, while executing computations of 5,000 additions per second. Next, the vacuum tube intervention last for a sound decade, as great computer kings–IBM and Remington–adopted the concept; acquiring a mandated climate-controlled environment attained by large businesses, university systems and primary government agencies.

Transistors

The enforceable excitement of the vacuum tube began to dissipate after the impressive details of the transistor came about during the 1950s. Although the run with the vacuum tube was a beneficial hit, because of its reliability and contributions to computer speed, the transistor took their place on the prize rack. Transistors, for the most part, were the changing point in computer technology of the twentieth century: Small and energy-efficient. Nobel Prize winners–William Shockley, John Bardeen, and alter Brattain–influence the design and development of the transistor that resulted in an ideal that was hosted by Bell Labs in the late 1940s. Ultimately, transistors were commonly packed into compact enclosures that were housed in order to expand the idea and development of successful integrated circuits; which were commonplace in minicomputers, and complied into the much larger mainframe computer.

Role of Custom Website Development in Improving Web Presence

In today’s fast paced digital arena, where technology has played a significant role to bring excellence in each and every work domain. Custom website development is yet another precious contribution of our technological innovations, which has certainly bridged the gap between the products and their consumers. Nowadays, it is not only limited for displaying your products over the web, but it is all about presenting them in an appropriate way.

It is an amalgamation of well-managed content, hassle-free navigation, stunning appearance, and faster processing for your website, which facilitates your customers to establish an instant connection with your organization. As per research, it is found that the conglomerates having sturdy web presence have 50% more chances to acquire new customers for their respective products. Similarly, while searching for any of the products/services, most of the times, we approach to those service providers that appear under the top most searches on the Internet. Web sites developed with cutting-edge business web design methodologies are powered with innumerable useful measures that are useful to elevate your online identity.

Here are some of the benefits of custom web development that can assuredly improvise the web presence of your business:

Global Exposure: It is a well-known fact that the Internet is known as a source of opportunities, and can assuredly benefit you, if used accurately. A well optimized web application expands your customer base, suppliers and distributors to give an edge to your work domain. If you are one of the entrepreneurs, who are looking forward to do more in their business, then targeting global customers will be an affirmative idea. Besides, generating massive revenues, it can also help you add glitter to the goodwill of your products or services.

Reinforce Customer Service: Customer service is one of the most important factors for the success of any business, as it builds trust in your clients. Moreover, it enables you to get valuable feedback of your product from your esteemed customers. So, now you can overtake your competitors on the highway of success by enhancing the services and quality of your products. An efficient web application can serve your customers in a better way, if they are looking for the information about your product or services. Be it sending information requests, product research, comparing price or other queries, now your customers can get details for each and everything as faster as a speeding comet.

Consistency: Consistency is the key factor for attaining success in every business domain. You may shift your work place, change your contact numbers, or even transform the way you work, but your website address remains same at most of the times. Correspondingly, a customized website, developed as per your business requirements can quickly capture the attention of your audiences, and can be molded without even changing its framework. It not only helps you stay connected with your customers, but also portray a professional image of your company in the rest of the world.

Do not limit the prospects of your business, when the whole world may be your potential market. Unleash its hidden potential, and reap unlimited number of benefits by forming a rock-solid web existence in the market.

Mastering Your Future, Or a Brief Introduction to Internet Marketing – Part I

If you're like most of the billions of people in the world, you think of "work" as the place you go five days a week, 8.5 hours a day. There's a commute, traffic, a boss you do not like, coworkers that are unhelpful, and a MOUNTAIN of stress. I'm sure you've thought "Work is lousy. The next day you get back up and go back to work.

Let's say that work becomes so much, and you decide that you're going to fire your boss, get a new job, and grow rich … the only problem is, you do not have any idea what job market you're headed for, or what kind of job you're going to try to get. Using your handy internet connection, fueled by coffee, you head to on over to Google, and start a late night of investigating jobs. By the end of the night, you've found THOUSANDS of work opportunities, but most of them are "Work from Home" opportunities. You're skeptical about the claims made on these pages about the fantastic incomes their members are seeing working only an hour a day.

That's fair. You're right to be skeptical. You'd be crazy to believe it all. But somewhere in you, this essential truth begins to arise: Some people really ARE making a living online. Not nearly everyone that tries, but some people are living out their dreams, working only when they want. When you realize that you were almost considering it, you probably figure that it's definitely time for bed. You can not sleep. You're too busy wondering if it really could work.

Here's a fantastic starting point:

If you've got a few of the programs that sounded good to you written down, great. If not, that's okay. Find a site offering reviews of programs from people that have paid for them. It's the best way to find out what is, or is not, a scam. Check out the programs you looked at, or find a few to be interested in. I used to recommend WorkAtHomeWatchdog, but it sees the site is not still running. I'm sure a quick search [http://www.google.com/webhp#hl=en&q=affiliate+marketing+site+reviews&aq=f&oq=&aqi=&fp=KxYPMM6r3XA] for "affiliate marketing site reviews" will get you something similar.

Find one thing to try. Go for something well-liked. Any program * can * work, some are just easier than others for the average person to succeed at. When you're looking at the programs, consider these things:

Are there startup costs or recurring fees? Will you need a website of your own? How much time does it require you to put in? Is there a trial period, a money-back guarantee, or both? How much are you willing to invest in your business to get started? How realistically can this program get you to your goal income? Does it let you use any special skills you may already have?

Pick a program that meets your criteria and is well rated, and plunge in. Soon, you could be leaving the boss behind.

Watch for I thought "Work From Home" mean I'm never griping about traffic again! (A Brief Introduction to Internet Marketing, Part II), coming soon.

** This article may be distributed and reprinted freely so long as it is reprinted in full, and all "About the Author" information is preserved with the article in its original state, including leaving all hyperlinks active. **

Using Popular Songs to Improve Language Listening Comprehension Skills

Are you students sometimes bored in spite of your best efforts? Are you looking for some new and different techniques? Could you use a learning activity that would really wake them up? Would you like to get and keep the students' interest? Even have them helping you? Then try this classroom-tested technique by using student-selected songs to teach listening comprehension.

Almost everyone loves music. It is a part of our language and life from before birth onwards. As babies, we hear lullabies. As young children we play, sing and dance to a myriad of nursery rhymes. As teenagers, we are consumed by the beat of popular music artists worldwide. As adults, every form of advertising we hear, every special event we experience, is in part, music. Music pervades television, movies, theater, and even the nightly news. When we exercise, when we work, when we play, when we worship and even when we die, music is there to rein or alter or every mood and emotion. A catchy tune is played, hummed or sung, at times in our head, as we go about our everyday lives. So, why not include music and songs in language learning as well?

Factors Contributing to Listening Summary of Song

o Use of new vocabulary, idioms and expressions – You'll need to address the new material offered in each song. This includes grammar, vocabulary and usage.

o Pronunciation and accent of the singer – Every native speaker does not pronounce or sing with the same accent. Students may be exposed to an accent which is outside the realm of what they might normally hear in context.

o Use of new grammar and structure Song writers and singers are notoriously "loose" when it comes to use of grammar, structure, pronunciation, stress and other language factors applied to songs. The teacher must prepare for this.

Three Principal Song Selection Criteria

1. Use songs that are popular with the students whenever possible. Unfortunately, students frequently select songs for classroom use which are objectionable in some way making the song unusable.

2. Songs MUST have clear and understandable lyrics. Nothing is worse than a song almost nobody can understand. If you have trouble understanding the lyrics by listening, then another song needs to be selected.

3. Songs should have an appropriate theme. There's enough bad news, negativity and violence in the world already. Songs with any type of negative theme should be avoided. There are plenty of positive, upbeat, even humorous songs available. Use these.

Music pervades naturally every aspect of our lives

Music pervades naturally every aspect of our lives. Students adore it. It contains numerous useful elements for language teaching and it's fun for both the teacher and students. So, why not include music and songs in your language learning classes as well?